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Career as a Engineer in India

Career as an Engineer In India

Engineer is a technical professional who applies the theories and principles of physical sciences to design and develop economically viable and easily executable products and solutions to technical problems of his sphere.

In India, Engineering courses are available in undergraduate as well as post-graduate levels. One must complete the undergraduate level course first. PG course comes after that.

There are two main engineering course formats available in India when it comes to the undergraduate level. They are-

  • Diploma in Engineering
  • Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology (B.E. or B.Tech.)

Diploma in Engineering is a 3 years long course. Diploma course can be pursued after completing 10th standard from a recognized board. 

B.E. or B.Tech. program lasts for a period of 4 years. This course can be pursued after completing 12th standard (Science stream- Mathematics group)

Eligibility requirements for Engineer

Diploma course can be pursued after completing 10th standard from a recognized board. This course can also be pursued after completing 12th standard (Science stream- Mathematics group). In short, minimum educational qualification required is- 10th passed.

B.E. or B.Tech. the course can be pursued after completing 12th standard (Science stream- Mathematics group). In short, 12th passed with Science stream subjects is the minimum qualification required.

How to become an Engineer In India ?

To become an Engineer In India the aspiring candidate has to follow the given steps:

Step 1 to become an Engineer In India
After clearing 10 class from any education board aspiring candidate can join Diploma College/Polytechnic and get a Diploma in Engineering (in any of desired trade). Candidates may have to appear in an entrance test conducted by Technical Education Boards of various State Governments and selected candidates are admitted in the Diploma colleges according to the rank of the candidate in the entrance exam.

This exam is generally held in the month of May-June and consists of Objective type questions on the subject of English, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Aptitude.

Step 2 to become an Engineer In India
After completing these three years of Diploma course the Diploma Engineers can either join some job of Junior Engineer level or can compete to get admission in the second year of a degree in engineering course which is provided by some of the regional engineering colleges of the state.  OR

Diploma Engineer can complete his engineering studies through AMIE (Associate Membership of Institution of Engineers) - An alternate option for getting an engineering degree. AMIE introduce non-formal engineering education Programme, successful completion of which is recognised as equivalent to a degree in engineering by the government of India, the union public service commission, state governments and public/ private sector organizations.

Alternatively after clearing 12th class from a recognised board candidate can take Engineering Entrance Exams like Joint Entrance Exam etc to get admission to Bachelor's degree courses in some of the best engineering colleges like Indian Institute of Technologies, NITs and  IIITs etc.

Step 3 to become an Engineer In India
After successful completion of a degree course and required internship the candidate is ready to join Government, Semi Government or Privates sector as an Assistant Engineer. The more competitive Engineers can compete in Combined Indian Engineering Services exam to get to the top most technical post in various State Governments or the Government of India.

Engineering graduate can also pursue higher qualifications such as M.E. followed by PhD and can opt for research work or for academics. For getting admission to Master's in Engineering courses in reputed institutes candidates may have to appear in GATE Exam.

Engineer Career Prospects

Assistant Engineer-(Direct) - Degree Holder


Junior Engineer (Starter) – Diploma Engineer


Assistant Executive Engineer


Sub Divisional Engineer


Executive Engineer


Superintending Engineer


Chief Engineer (Top Most Post) 


People with Jobs in Architecture/Engineering/Construction Median Salary by Job

Job Average
Civil Engineer Rs 306,346
Mechanical Engineer Rs 338,337
Project Engineer Rs 375,516
Design Architect Rs 345,068
Structural Engineer Rs 470,947
Architect (but not Landscape or Naval) Rs 322,069
Civil Engineering Supervisor Rs 299,545

Source - https://www.payscale.com/